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Factors Considered in Setting Up a Flour Mill
Author: Time:2014-9-19

Flour is a part of many recipes and is available at many supermarkets and grocery stores. There are many different types of flour, as flour refers to several types of ground-up grain. Wheat flour is a popular type of flour, and white and brown varieties of wheat flour are available. Flour mills also grind rice and corn into flour. Setting up a flour mill requires consideration of pest control, worker safety and other factors.

Pest Control
A flour mill must be able to prevent pests from eating the flour. Insects, especially beetles, are one of the main concerns of a flour mill owner. There are several ways to get rid of beetles, such as fumigation and traps. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, pheromone traps are an effective method of catching beetles both inside and outside the flour mill. Traps outside of the flour mill catch fewer beetles. Some pheromones are more effective on a single sex of beetles while other pheromones can attract both male and female beetles.

Flour Mixes
Adding other products to the flour can increase its value. According to the state of Utah, small flour mills often add additional ingredients to create pancake mix, muffin mix, brownie mix and other products. It is necessary for the mill to purchase the additional ingredients and have equipment available to thoroughly mix these other ingredients into the flour. Selling ready-made mixes helps smaller mills remain competitive with larger mills.

Dust Protection
Flour dust is hazardous to workers in the flour mill. The small particles of flour can enter the lungs of employees and reduce their breathing capacity. According to the National Institutes of Health, flour mill workers often cough frequently, experience shortness of breath and suffer from respiratory irritation. Masks and other facial protective equipment reduce these effects, so the flour mill owner should purchase this equipment for mill employees and require its use.

Fire Prevention
Fire safety is a necessary factor to consider when setting up a flour mill. The mill owner should ensure that employees take courses about fire prevention. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, a separate permit known as a hot work permit may be necessary when employees are performing tasks such as welding and cutting in the mill. Employees should wear clothing that both resists fire and does not produce sparks. Flour dust can explode in the presence of fire.

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